His primary concern is for the soul, and for this reason, he would like to be rid of the body insofar as it interferes with the welfare of the soul. Nevertheless, he has often been criticized for his role as a husband and a father.
Its purpose was to state as clearly as possible his reasons for believing that the soul is not only immortal in the sense that it has no beginning and no end, but that it partakes of the very nature of divinity.
We know that after the death of Socrates, he spent some time at Megara, where he had ample opportunity to meet and talk with some of the persons mentioned in the dialog. Socrates then points out that equality in this sense cannot be perceived by the senses.
Socrates is pleased to observe that they have open and inquiring minds and are ready to think for themselves rather than accept what has been told them without subjecting it to the test of reasonableness. As for Cebes, Socrates embarks on a complex discussion of causation that ultimately leads him to lay out his fourth argument, positing the unchanging and invisible Forms as the causes of all things in this world.
He has a final interview with the members of the family, and we are told that the interview was a lengthy one. The second argument that Socrates makes is for the existence of the Forms. Socrates admits that there is an apparent inconsistency in his position, but a careful consideration of the problem will reveal no real inconsistency.
He means absolute equality.
It is the function of the soul to rule or govern the body rather than to be served by it. Phaedo says that he felt ashamed for crying when Socrates was so dignified, and then the great philosopher and man took his last breath of air before dying.
Some Socratic dialogues are thought to be more or less accurate representations of real discussions, but others clearly are not. Nevertheless, the doctrine concerning opposites was useful for the purpose that Socrates had in mind since it was based on assumptions that were regarded as true by members of the group to whom he was speaking.
After Socrates had finished speaking, Crito asked if he had any requests to make concerning his children or any other matters. They are conducted home at the beginning of the discourse because Xanthippe is said to have been on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and Socrates wishes to spare both her and himself.
He is not convinced that there are sufficient reasons for believing in the continued existence of the soul following the death of the body. Of him it has well been said that he acquired the art of dying beautifully.
Only those who are true lovers of wisdom and who are pure at the time of departing will be permitted to dwell with the gods.
The second part of the first argument is that our souls exist after death. What happens to the soul at the time of death.
Socrates replied that his only wish was that they look after themselves properly and live in accordance with the principles that he has taught. As the body desires pleasures of the flesh, so the soul desires wisdom.
They think that after it has left the body it no longer exists anywhere, but that it is destroyed and dissolved on the day the man dies,".
It seemed to them that, while Socrates had presented good arguments in support of his position, Cebes and Simmias had been successful in refuting them. After satisfying his friends with the previous discussion, Socrates talks at length about the different kinds of souls that different people have.
Phaedrus Summary and Study Guide SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature. This page guide for “Phaedrus” by Plato includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written.
A summary of 72e - 78b in Plato's Phaedo. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Phaedo and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests. Video: Plato's 'Crito': Summary & Concepts In this lesson you will learn about the arguments presented in 'Crito,' a dialogue written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.
Phaedo: Novel Summary, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Summary. After an interval of some months or years, an account of the last hours of Socrates is narrated to Echecrates and other interested persons by Phaedo, a beloved disciple of the great teacher. Phaedrus Summary & Study Guide Plato This Study Guide consists of approximately 33 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Phaedrus.A plot summary of platos phaedo